“Net piracy puts 1.2m EU jobs in peril, study shows” & Other Nonsense

The Guardian is reporting:

A quarter of a million British jobs in the music, film, TV, software and other creative industries could be lost over the next five years if online piracy continues at its current rate, according to a study backed by European unions and the TUC.Across the EU, as many as 1.2 million jobs are in jeopardy as piracy looks set to strip more than €240bn (£218bn) in revenues from the creative industries by 2015, unless regulators can stem the flow. In 2008, the creative industries contributed €860bn to the EU's GDP – almost 7% – and they employ 6.5% of the EU workforce, or 14 million people.
After you go read this report (I did), I have a question for you. I have 6 widgets in my hand. How many widgets are not in my hand? That's the type of question this report claims to answer. I don't think it's possible to measure.

Update: TorrentFreak had the best summary of the flaws in the report:

  • The report suggests that there's a direct correlation between Internet traffic growth and lost jobs. That is, the more traffic that is generated on the Internet, the more money will be lost. This correlation is 1 according to the report, which assumes that all growth in Internet traffic will increase piracy at the same rate.
  • The report makes another bogus assumption by stating that more traffic will mean more piracy and thus more lost revenue. It does not account for the fact that people might consume higher quality files which are greater in file-size. All projections are based on bandwidth and not the number of pirated goods.
  • The report cites some academic literature which suggests that piracy leads to a decrease in sales. Studies that reported the opposite or a null-effect were carefully left out. This bias defines the entire outcome of the report. If they used studies that found a positive effect they would have found that piracy would create hundreds of thousands of jobs in the years to come.
  • The report uses fixed substitution rates. They assume that 10 downloaded albums results in one lost sale and this figure is not adjusted for the projected increase in piracy. One would think that the public's budget for entertainment is limited and that the substitution rate would go down as piracy goes up.
  • Related to the previous point, if the industry did indeed lose over €240 billion in revenue by 2015, consumers would have a lot of extra cash to spend. Depending on where this money was spent it might create more jobs than the entertainment industry claims it is losing. As a report commissioned by the Dutch Government showed last year, the overall effect of piracy on the economy might actually be positive.
  • It gets even more ridiculous when we take a closer look at the claims. In the UK consumers spent €6.3 on audiovisual products. If the projected trends continued, the 'lost' revenue because of piracy would exceed the actual revenue, meaning that the music and movie industries would end up having to pay people for pirating their products.
  • Lastly, the researchers seem to have trouble putting a decent report together as they messed up the legend of one of the critical figures. In this figure the bars for "file-sharing" and "global Internet traffic" are switched around. This makes us skeptical about the other statistics that are published in the report.

Net piracy puts 1.2m EU jobs in peril, study shows

About Nate Hoffelder (11212 Articles)
Nate Hoffelder is the founder and editor of The Digital Reader:"I've been into reading ebooks since forever, but I only got my first ereader in July 2007. Everything quickly spiraled out of control from there. Before I started this blog in January 2010 I covered ebooks, ebook readers, and digital publishing for about 2 years as a part of MobileRead Forums. It's a great community, and being a member is a joy. But I thought I could make something out of how I covered the news for MobileRead, so I started this blog."

3 Comments on “Net piracy puts 1.2m EU jobs in peril, study shows” & Other Nonsense

  1. Actually, the report’s real point, that $X in theft-related losses will equate to Y number of jobs sacrificed to pay for the losses, is sound. But beyond that, the report is so full of estimates and guesswork, as opposed to concrete figures, that it seems to be of little use as anything but scare tactics. Of course, that is exactly what it will be used for…

    • Perhaps, but how can you tell that the job loss is actually due to piracy and not poor business decisions, the recession, changing customer preferences, or something else?

  2. Exactly… many of the jobs hinted at in the report (and the report didn’t give specifics even about the exact jobs in question) were jobs that could be lost simply due to a shift to digital production and selling, something that’s going to happen with or without theft-related loss. There is nothing in the report to distinguish those points, hence, lumping all those “lost jobs” together under a piracy banner amounts to scare tactics.

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