You see, way back at the beginning of this year, these 2 countries each announced a new, lower VAT (value added tax) on ebook sales. This is something like a US sales tax, only it is applied on a national level and closely regulated by the national as well as federal governments in Europe.
Luxembourg dropped the VAT they charge on ebooks to 3%, and France similarly lowered their VAT to 7%. A basic understanding of economics will tell you the effect the new tax rate had on the ebook industry, but if you've been paying attention to the news these past few months you already know what happened.
Several companies have moved their operations to Luxembourg in order to take advantage of the lower VAT ( because it lets them charge everyone else in the EU less than before). For example, Bilbary had to delay its launch by a couple months so it could move. And Amazon also moved their European Kindle sales to Luxembourg to take advantage of the new lower rate. I'm not sure any company has moved to France, but it's certainly possible.
As shocking as this may be from the American viewpoint, lowering taxes is apparently illegal in the EU - aside from a limited set of circumstances. What's even stranger is that ebooks aren't regarded as books but as services.The EU allowed member countries to reduce the VAT they charge on books in 2006. But as of this week the EU has decided that the 2006 fiat didn't include ebooks.
Downloading of digital books … is not included in this list and cannot therefore be taxed at the reduced rate.
I suppose they had a reason for not allowing countries to lower VAT by too much, but wasn't one of the goals of the EU to build a single larger market which could be supplied from competitors in any country? I would have thought that the EU would have expected some countries to lower taxes as a way to attract businesses.
Then again, that's the American approach - which could be why it's illegal in the EU.