Back before we used computers to lay out the text of a book, magazine, or newspaper, publishers used various methods to manually lay out text before sending it to the printers. The NY Times and other newspapers used what was known as the “hot metal” method of laying out each page. (I thought I had a video of this, but do not.)
Some magazine publishers used that process, which got its name from how the lead type was recycled after it was used, but others would print out the text, and then get out an exacto knife and rubber cement and lay out each page one block of text or one title at a time.
If they had to correct a flaw, they would trim and move the words and sentence fragments one at a time.
This brings back memories of school. While this technique is before my time, I am old enough to remember using similar tricks to lay out titles on dioramas and for science fair projects.
In fact, it brings back all sorts of memories. Does anyone else remember having to learn how to use dry transfer?