Under terms of a new decree adopted by the French government, Internet service providers must block any websites that promote terrorism or child pornography within 24 hours of receiving an official notification.
The new rules that were adopted last week (a translation of the decree can be read here) give the French government and the French National Police the right to submit requests to ISPs regarding any content they decide is related to child pornography or terrorism that can viewed by users in France. ISPs have 24 hours to take action and can request that the French government pay them for any costs that result.
However, the address of the sites will remain active and will display text that explains the site was blocked due to the government’s request.
Folks, I know that the Voltaire quote "I do not agree with what you have to say, but I'll defend to the death your right to say it" is apocryphal, but that doesn't mean it's not good principle to maintain, even in these troubled times.
The government of France has forgotten that one doesn't respond to the violent suppression of speech by silencing those you disagree with. It sends the mixed message that while France condemns the actions last month, it is perfectly okay with the motives.
What's more, the new decree is also drawing legal criticism in France from La Quadrature du Net, a French organization that advocates against digital censorship. This organization has vowed to take to the courts to get the decree overturned.
"With this decree establishing the administrative censorship for Internet content, France once again circumvents the judicial power, betraying the separation of powers in limiting what is the first freedom of all in a democracy — freedom of speech," said Felix Tréguer, founding member of La Quadrature du Net, in a statement.
Tréguer goes on to point out that this is not just censorship, but also ineffective censorship: "Website blocking is ineffective since it is easily circumvented. It is also disproportionate because of the risk of over-blocking perfectly lawful content, especially with the blocking technique retained by the Government. The measure only gives the illusion that the State is acting for our safety, while going one step further in undermining fundamental rights online."
As anyone who knows how to use a proxy or VPN to get around an ISP-level or territorial block can tell you, he's not wrong.